Also known as Ujjayini, Ujjain is an ancient city of Malwa in central India, on the eastern bank of the Kshipra River. In ancient times the city was called Ujjayini as mentioned in the Mahabharata epic. Ujjayini was the capital of the Avanti Kingdom, and has been the Prime Meridian for Hindus since the 4th century BCE. Ujjain is one of the seven sacred cities of the Hindus and one of the four sites that host the Kumbh Mela, a mass pilgrimage that attracts millions of Hindu pilgrims from around the country. It is also home to the Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga, Jyotirlinga shrines to the god Shiva.
Omkareshwar is a Hindu temple dedicated to God Shiva, is one of the 12 revered Jyotirlinga shrines of Shiva. It is on an island called Mandhata in the Narmada River. The shape of the island is said to be like the Hindu symbol. There are two temples here, one to Omkareshwar and one to Amareshwar whose name means "Immortal lord" or "lord of the Immortals or Devas". As per Shiv Mahapuran, once Brahma and Vishnu had an argument in terms of supremacy. To examine them, Shiva pierced the three worlds as a huge endless pillar of light, the jyotirlinga.
Maheshwar is located 13 km east of National Highway 3 and 91 km from Indore, the commercial capital of the Madhya Pradesh. The town lies on the north bank of the Narmada River and was the capital of the 'Holkar' clan of the Maratha Confederacy till they acceded to the Union of India. The name Maheshwar comes from Mahesh, Lord Shiva, which means in Hindi abode of Lord Mahesh. Maheshwar town is built on the site of the ancient city of Somvanshya Shastrarjun Kshatriya, and was the capital of King Kartavirya Arjuna.
Indore traces its roots to its 16th century founding as a trading hub between the Deccan and Delhi. The city and its surroundings came under Maratha Empire on 18 May 1724 after Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao I assumed the full control of Malwa. During the days of the British Raj, Indore State was a 19 Gun Salute (21 locally) princely state (a rare high rank) ruled by the Maratha Holkar dynasty, until they acceded to the Union of India. Indore served as the capital of the Madhya Bharat from 1950 until 1956. Indore's financial district, anchored by central Indore, functions as the financial capital of the Madhya Pradesh and is home to the Madhya Pradesh Stock Exchange, India's third oldest stock exchange. Indore's real estate market is among the most expensive in Central India.